When facing a termite infestation, there are a few important things you need to know so that you are able to deal with the situation effectively.
Types of Termites
The most common types of termites considered as pests are the subterranean termites and drywood termites. How do you differentiate these two types?
Drywood termites, as the name suggests, infest dry wood. They can even infest dry wood that is not in contact with the ground. They do not form mud tubes, and it can be somewhat difficult to note that you have a drywood termite infestation. What you can look out for are some piles of hard and dry faecal pellets. You can find both the termites and faecal pellets around window sills, doors, furniture and wood products. In appearance, the drywood termites have a brown head and thorax while their abdomen is brownish-black.
Subterranean termites must have some contact with the ground as they need moisture. You can easily identify whether you have an infestation, as the subterranean termites build tubes comprising of soft faeces, wood chips and soil. These termites will attack both planks of wood placed on the ground and above ground; however, they will have to build tubes to reach the wood above ground level. You may notice them around the rainy period, and in appearance, they have a dark brown or black colour. Their legs also have dark areas, and they have colourless wings.
How to Inspect
You may require a flashlight and a screwdriver. Inspect the foundation of the wall, especially at the soil line. Are there cracks on your concrete floors? Inspect them. Other areas termites may access are areas where ducts and pipes emerge from concrete slabs. You are looking for the presence of the mud tubes, as mentioned mentioned above, or even termites themselves.
What about drywood termites that do not form mud tubes? Tap wood with a screwdriver every few inches. You may hear a hollow sound, and sometimes if there is severe damage, you might break through the wood and find extensive termite galleries.
If you find termites, pick them up and place them in a jar to inspect them so that you establish the type.
After you have found termites, it means you have an infestation. If you want the termite treatment to be effective, contact a termite control professional. This is crucial because you may not have the experience to effectively apply the correct treatment that will not only kill off the termites, but make sure they do not access your home area.